Change is an inevitable aspect of life. Without change, the gradual process of continuous improvement and innovation would not be possible. However, there are many who resist change. This could be attributed to the pace with which things are changing. Considering the radical changes in the IT industry, IT professionals should learn to sustain and survive in this ever-evolving industry.

In the previous years, phenomenal changes occurred in hardware and software platform. To make cultivated guesses regarding the future of IT industry, it will be useful to understand its past. The industry’s past can be divided primarily into three different eras. The first era that was highly-centralized and had highly-controlled IT infrastructure, was meant primarily for data processing. This era was called as the mainframe era. The second stage was meant for decentralization and it triggered lot more innovation and was known as the client-server era, as well as, the programmable era. The third era saw billions of people interacting millions of apps at different point of time, from different places.

With a rapid shift towards technologies such as mobile, cloud, big data, and social computing services, the IT industry is sure to witness yet another boom. In fact, these technologies are forecasted to drive over 90 % of all IT growth in the next 5-7 years (IDC Nov 2012).

Cloud Computing and Mobility

Cloud

Pricing is both an art as well as science! Today, when every sector (private or public) is facing budgetary pressure, these platforms allow sharing mechanism, where hardware’s and software’s (e.g. Salesforce, NetSuite and Workday) can be rented and used as and when needed. Cloud can be defined as flexible and scalable model for creating and delivering IT resources to the user on demand. Cloud computing offers cost saving because you ‘pay-as-you-go’. Apart from this, other important characteristic of this model include flexibility and efficient use of resources.

Most organizations plan their resources (infrastructure) for peak capacity. However, research proves that consumptions reach to the peak level only 10% of the time. In other words, these resources are underutilized. Now in the cloud ‘PAYG’ model, most of the time, you are working under a normal load and paying accordingly. If there is a rise in the demand, resources are added easily and you pay for what you use. One of the most salient feature of cloud computing includes its support for entrepreneurship and innovation through “minimal investment for entry level organizations”.

Cloud computing covers every type of IT resource, complete infrastructure, computing, storage, development environments without any down time: the Cloud is way of getting what you need, whenever and wherever you need,  that too at the best price. Statistics reveal a considerable cost-saving of 25-40% on the offerings of cloud computing as compared to those of traditional computing. Usually, people make a move to cloud, keeping in view the anticipated savings. However, there are many who consider this platform for business reasons such as agility, scale, capital, or simply “getting it done faster.” According to statistics, over 46% see cost savings as one of the benefits of cloud computing, while 43% see efficiency as a benefit.

Perhaps, the biggest concerns about cloud computing are security and privacy. The idea of handing over important data to another company worries some people. Enterprises might hesitate to take advantage of a cloud computing system because they can’t keep their valuable data under lock especially in times of several online surveillances and data breaches. However, adoption of cloud lead to further innovations, which in turn will bolster security and corporate control. 

Mobility           

the equation. To have complete business solution; we need to combine cloud with mobility data solution. Recent survey reports show that mobile devices are playing as the role of game changers in today’s business environment in order to keep pace with mobility’s dramatic effects on workplace productivity and requirements.

Let’s take the example of developing countries, where poor infrastructure is affecting their social and economic growth. In the absence of proper infrastructural facilities, large section of society does not have market access.  They have limited livelihood opportunities, agricultural stagnation, and aggravation of poverty level. Based on a survey, internet penetration in country like India is largely driven by mobile phones with some of the cheapest and most basic hand-sets today offering access to the internet. India has 110 million mobile internet users, of which 25 million are in rural India. The growth of internet penetration in rural India is driven largely by the mobile phone. 70% of rural India’s active internet population access the web via mobile phones. This may have to do with the difficulty in accessing PCs. TCS use cloud computing to enable banking services in more than 5500 villages.

To foster innovation along with the ability to compete and thrive, government services and enterprises are looking for option to run once and deploy everywhere. Mobility is becoming increasingly critical for businesses to handle their day-to-day business operations. Companies are now seeing a strategic opportunity in building and offering cloud based Managed Mobility offerings for the private and public sectors. According to a recent survey from the enterprise mobility exchange,enterprise mobility projects will increase domination of the global IT agenda in 2014—and beyond.

Refereeing to above survey conducted by KPMG, cloud and mobility are the two key paradigm shifts when it comes to enterprises. They are indeed the hottest topic in technology and have changed the way businesses are being conducted. Though, they are not parallel business trends, they should still be considered as mutually dependent. According to Gartner, companies should begin adopting “Third era of enterprise IT” to remain relevant in an increasingly digital world. 2014 will be a year of dual goals: responding to ongoing needs for efficiency and growth, while shifting to exploit a fundamentally different digital paradigm. Ignoring either of these is not an option.